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    Structural studies of the Doublecortin family of MAPs

    Fourniol, Franck J. and Perderiset, M. and Houdusse, A. and Moores, Carolyn A. (2013) Structural studies of the Doublecortin family of MAPs. In: Correia, J.J. and Wilson, L. (eds.) Microtubules, In Vitro (2nd Edition). Methods In Cell Biology 115. New York, U.S.: Elsevier, pp. 27-48. ISBN 9780124077577.

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    Abstract

    Doublecortin (DCX) is a microtubule (MT)-stabilizing protein essential for neuronal migration during human brain development. Missense mutations in DCX cause severe brain defects. This implies that the many other MT-stabilizing proteins in neurons cannot compensate for DCX function. To understand the unusual properties of DCX, we expressed the recombinant human DCX in Sf9 cells and undertook structural characterization of its interaction with MTs using cryo-electron microscopy. DCX specifically nucleates 13-protofilament (13-pf) MTs, the architecture of human MTs in vivo. Cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) of DCX-nucleated MTs showed that they are primarily built from B-lattice contacts interrupted by a single discontinuity, the seam. Because of this asymmetry, we used single-particle reconstruction and determined the 8 Å structure of DCX-stabilized 13-pf MTs in the absence of a stabilizing drug. The DCX-binding site, at the corner of four tubulin dimers, is ideally suited to stabilize both lateral and longitudinal tubulin lattice contacts. Its precise geometry suggests that DCX is sensitive to the angle between pfs, and thereby provides insight into the specificity of DCX for 13-pf MT architecture. DCX’s precise interaction at the corner of four tubulin dimers also means that DCX does not bind the MT seam. Our work has provided mechanistic insight into the evolutionarily conserved DCX family of MT-stabilizing proteins and also into more general regulatory mechanisms of the MT cytoskeleton.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Cryo-electron microscopy, Doublecortin, Image reconstruction, Lissencephaly, Microtubules, Neuronal MAPs
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2013 17:56
    Last Modified: 06 Dec 2016 11:12
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/8041

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