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    The parenting of preschool children by older mothers in the United Kingdom

    Barnes, Jacqueline and Gardiner, J. and Sutcliffe, A. and Melhuish, Edward C. (2014) The parenting of preschool children by older mothers in the United Kingdom. European Journal of Developmental Psychology 11 (4), pp. 397-419. ISSN 1740-5629.

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    Abstract

    The parenting literature has focussed on teenage motherhood but less is known about older mothers. In industrialises societies more women are giving birth later in life. The study examined whether there are any age trends in the use of discipline, home organisation, provision of learning opportunities, maternal responsivity and mother child relationships treating maternal age at birth as a continuous construct. The sample was from two national UK cohorts with common assessments at 3 years (N =24,610). Withholding treats or attention as discipline and parent/child conflict decreased as maternal age increased. Harsh discipline such as smacking was low for teenage mothers, highest in the mid-twenties after which it declined. Household chaos decreased with maternal age increasing up to age 30 after which it was likely to be higher. Positive and responsive parenting generally increased with maternal age up to about the age of 40 after which it plateaued. Thus overall, while older motherhood is associated with medical risks for mother and child it should not present problems in relation to parenting during the preschool years.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in European Journal of Developmental Psychology [copyright Taylor & Francis], available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2013.863728
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Discipline, parent-child relationship, learning opportunities, preschool, family functioning
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Research Centre: Children, Families and Social Issues, Institute for the Study of
    Depositing User: Jacqueline Barnes
    Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2014 09:43
    Last Modified: 29 Jul 2019 08:30
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/8878

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