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    Bosnia and Hercegovina

    Clarke, Richard (2001) Bosnia and Hercegovina. In: Carter, F. and Turnock, D. (eds.) Environmental Problems in East Central Europe. Routledge Studies of Societies in Transition. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, pp. 283-304. ISBN 9780415174031.

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    Abstract

    Bosnia-Hercegovina declared sovereignty and seceded from the residue of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRJ) in October 1991, following similar action, first by Slovenia, then by Croatia and after a plebiscite, boycotted by many ethnic Serbs, in which a majority of those voting backed independence. The following April, Bosnia-Hercegovina (BiH[a]) was recognised as a legal entity by the EU and USA. A month later it was admitted to the UN. With secession came internal conflict and external aggression, fomented by nationalists in the Croat and Muslim as well as Serb communities. The war left a quarter of a million people dead, maimed or traumatised, and the economy, infrastructure and physical and social fabric of the country in ruins. It seems fitting to dedicate this chapter to the large numbers of Bosnians (of all nationalities as well as none) who tried their utmost to prevent the war and who continue today to work for a multiethnic, democratic and environmentally healthy Bosnia. In particular, it is dedicated to those who remained in its capital Sarajevo throughout its siege by those who hoped to destroy both the city and the ideals that it represented.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Bosnia, Hercegovina, Yugoslavia, Environment, War
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Social Sciences, History and Philosophy > Department of Geography
    Depositing User: Richard Clarke
    Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2014 11:29
    Last Modified: 27 Jul 2019 07:09
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/9585

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