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    Mixed modes of innovation: an empiric approach to capturing firms' innovation behaviour

    Frenz, Marion and Lambert, Ray (2012) Mixed modes of innovation: an empiric approach to capturing firms' innovation behaviour. Working Paper. OECD Publishing.

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    This study uses exploratory data analysis techniques to develop typologies of innovation modes or strategies for groups of firms. Analysing micro-level survey data from 18 countries we identify five innovation modes: (i) IP/technology innovating which contains at its core IPRs, and in many countries this is complemented by in-house R&D and new-to-market activities; (ii) marketing based innovating which includes forms of product innovation, leaning towards new-to-firm imitating, with marketing expenditures for the introduction of innovations; (iii) process modernising which links process innovations with equipment spending and training; (iv) wider innovating with combinations of management and business strategy changes, including new sales and distribution methods; and (v) networked innovating involving bought-in R&D or licences and formal collaboration and leaning towards accessing information from universities. The coherence and relevance of the innovation modes is tested by using them as explanatory factors in equations explaining economic performance. In most countries one or more innovation modes are positively associated with labour productivity. However, there is no consistent cross-country pattern as to which modes show significant associations with productivity. Even if common innovation patterns have been identified, there is no ‘single’ mode or form of innovation across countries that underlies the overall impact of innovation and there appear to be major national differences in patterns of competitive and comparative advantage with respect to levels of productivity as well as growth in turnover and employment. Importantly, sectoral innovation orientations are embedded in national systems, as well as exhibiting a degree of convergence at sectoral level.


    Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
    Additional Information: DSTI/DOC(2012)6
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Research Centres and Institutes: Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2014 12:55
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:12


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