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    A survey of hot flow anomalies at Venus

    Collinson, G.A. and Sibeck, D.G. and Masters, A. and Shane, N. and Zhang, T.L. and Fedorov, A. and Barabash, S. and Coates, Andrew J. and Moore, T.E. and Slavin, J.A. and Uritsky, V.M. and Boardsen, S. and Sarantos, M. (2014) A survey of hot flow anomalies at Venus. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics 119 (2), pp. 978-991. ISSN 2169-9380.

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    We present the first survey of hot flow anomalies (HFAs) at the bow shock of Venus, expanding on our recent initial case study. A 3.06 sol (774 Earth day) survey of Venus Express magnetometer, ion spectrometer, and electron spectrometer data was undertaken in order to identify Cytherian HFAs. Seven events were discovered, corresponding to a statistical frequency ≈1.2±0.8 per day, approximately the same rate as at the Earth. All seven HFAs were centered on a discontinuity in the solar wind, with inward pointing motional electric fields on at least one side, and exhibited electron and ion perturbations consistent with heating. For one event the calculation of continuous electron moments is possible, revealing that electron temperature increased from ≈2×105 K to 8×105 K in the HFA core (comparable to terrestrial and Kronian HFA observations), and density increased from ≈1 cm−3 to ~2[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]2.5 cm−3 in the bounding compression regions. Cytherian HFAs were found to be physically smaller (0.4[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]1.7 Venus radii (RV)) than their terrestrial or Kronian counterparts, although are much larger when compared to the overall size of the system (≈130% of the subsolar bow shock distance), and occur very close (1.5[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]3.0RV) to the planet. Thus, we hypothesize that HFAs have a much more dominant role in the dynamics of the induced magnetosphere of Venus relative to the magnetospheres of magnetized planets.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Venus, hot flow anomaly, bow shock, Venus Express
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences > UCL/Birkbeck Centre for Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 14:47
    Last Modified: 20 Nov 2014 14:47


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