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    Metacognitive sensitivity of subjective reports of decisional confidence and visual experience

    Rausch, M. and Muller, Hermann J. and Zehetleitner, M. (2015) Metacognitive sensitivity of subjective reports of decisional confidence and visual experience. Consciousness and Cognition 35 , pp. 192-205. ISSN 1053-8100.

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    Previous studies provided contradicting results regarding metacognitive sensitivity estimated from subjective reports of confidence in comparison to subjective reports of visual experience. We investigated whether this effect of content of subjective reports is influenced by the statistical method to quantify metacognitive sensitivity. Comparing logistic regression and meta-d in a masked orientation task, a masked shape task, and a random-dot motion task, we observed metacognitive sensitivity of reports regarding decisional confidence was greater than of reports about visual experience irrespective of mathematical procedures. However, the relationship between subjective reports and the logistic transform of accuracy was often not linear, implying that logistic regression is not a consistent measure of metacognitive sensitivity. We argue that a science of consciousness would benefit from the assessment of both visual experience and decisional confidence, and recommend meta-d as measure of metacognitive sensitivity for future studies.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Consciousness, Visual awareness, Subjective report, Confidence, Meta-d, Logistic regression, Signal detection theory, Type 2 signal detection theory
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2015 12:29
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:15


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