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    The balance of Ecumenism and Sectarianism. Rethinking religion and foreign policy in Iran

    Van Den Bos, Matthijs (2018) The balance of Ecumenism and Sectarianism. Rethinking religion and foreign policy in Iran. Journal of Political Ideologies 23 (1), pp. 30-53. ISSN 1356-9317.

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    Foreign policy development in the Islamic Republic is often conceived through secularizing homologies of ideology and pragmatism and radicalism and moderation. Policy practice, however, has often welded their crossed terms together religiously. This article seeks to resolve some contradictions in extant models by reconceiving of Iran’s foreign policy since 1979 as a religious system that differentiates contending values hierarchically. It explores policy in three periods representing particular balances of ecumenism and sectarianism: the revolutionary decade (1979–1989), the reformist interlude (1989–2005) and the era of radical reassertion (2005–2013). Rather than being perceived as fundamentally opposed orientations, ecumenism and sectarianism are presented as integrated tendencies of Shiite Islamism.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis, available online at the link above.
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Matthijs Van Den Bos
    Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2017 16:41
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:17


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