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    Using the robust principal component analysis algorithm to remove RF spike artifacts from MR images

    Campbell-Washburn, A.E. and Atkinson, D. and Nagy, Z. and Chan, R.W. and Josephs, Oliver and Lythgoe, M.F. and Ordidge, R.J. and Thomas, D.L. (2015) Using the robust principal component analysis algorithm to remove RF spike artifacts from MR images. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine , n/a-n/a. ISSN 0740-3194.

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    Brief bursts of RF noise during MR data acquisition (“k-space spikes”) cause disruptive image artifacts, manifesting as stripes overlaid on the image. RF noise is often related to hardware problems, including vibrations during gradient-heavy sequences, such as diffusion-weighted imaging. In this study, we present an application of the Robust Principal Component Analysis (RPCA) algorithm to remove spike noise from k-space. Methods: Corrupted k-space matrices were decomposed into their low-rank and sparse components using the RPCA algorithm, such that spikes were contained within the sparse component and artifact-free k-space data remained in the low-rank component. Automated center refilling was applied to keep the peaked central cluster of k-space from misclassification in the sparse component. Results: This algorithm was demonstrated to effectively remove k-space spikes from four data types under conditions generating spikes: (i) mouse heart T1 mapping, (ii) mouse heart cine imaging, (iii) human kidney diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data, and (iv) human brain DTI data. Myocardial T1 values changed by 86.1 ± 171 ms following despiking, and fractional anisotropy values were recovered following despiking of DTI data. Conclusion: The RPCA despiking algorithm will be a valuable postprocessing method for retrospectively removing stripe artifacts without affecting the underlying signal of interest. Magn Reson Med, 2015. © 2015 The Authors. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): spike noise, robust principal component analysis, stripe artifact
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 13:05
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:17


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