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    The Middle Palaeolithic of Cyrenaica: is there an Aterian at the Haua Fteah and does it matter?

    Reynolds, Tim (2013) The Middle Palaeolithic of Cyrenaica: is there an Aterian at the Haua Fteah and does it matter? Quaternary International 300 , pp. 171-181. ISSN 1040-6182.

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    The work of Charles McBurney in the 1950s described the Middle Palaeolithic of Cyrenaica, Libya based upon fieldwork at several localities including the Haua Fteah. The deep stratigraphy of that site has been used as a measure of the Middle Palaeolithic for the area and is being re-examined by the Cyrenaica Prehistory Project. Middle Palaeolithic industries there include the Pre-Aurignacian and Levalloiso eMousterian and the latter, at least, is associated with modern humans in the form of two mandibles. McBurney and subsequent workers have been ambivalent about the presence of Aterian assemblages at the site and given the association of modern human remains with LevalloisoeMousterian material is this significant? The nature of industrial succession at the Haua Fteah is discussed following analysis of the McBurney archive and further fieldwork at the site and in its landscape. There is no clear pre-Modern human presence yet demonstrated and so all the Middle Palaeolithic material at the Haua Fteah could be the product of modern humans. If this is so, why do the industries vary and does the reason for this variation explain the absence of the Aterian? The Aterian is present in the surrounding landscape. The Aterian has a clear association with modern humans in the Maghreb and is increasingly seen as an indicator of modern human presence. The sequence at the Haua Fteah can assist in formulating appropriate hypotheses for the processes of modern human dispersals across North Africa and beyond.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Aterian, Mousterian, Middle Palaeolithic, Haua Fteah, Libya
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Historical Studies
    Depositing User: Tim Reynolds
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 11:49
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:18


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