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    Dyscalculia from a developmental and differential perspective

    Kaufmann, L. and Mazzocco, M.M. and Dowker, A. and von Aster, M. and Göbel, S.M. and Grabner, R.H. and Henik, A. and Jordan, N.C. and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette and Kucian, K. and Rubinsten, O. and Szucs, D. and Shalev, R. and Nuerk, H.-C. (2013) Dyscalculia from a developmental and differential perspective. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (516), ISSN 1664-1078.

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    Developmental dyscalculia (DD) and its treatment are receiving increasing research attention. A PsychInfo search for peer-reviewed articles with dyscalculia as a title word reveals 31 papers published from 1991–2001, versus 74 papers published from 2002–2012. Still, these small counts reflect the paucity of research on DD compared to dyslexia, despite the prevalence of mathematical difficulties. In the UK, 22% of adults have mathematical difficulties sufficient to impose severe practical and occupational restrictions (Bynner and Parsons, 1997; National Center for Education Statistics, 2011). It is unlikely that all of these individuals with mathematical difficulties have DD, but criteria for defining and diagnosing dyscalculia remain ambiguous (Mazzocco and Myers, 2003). What is treated as DD in one study may be conceptualized as another form of mathematical impairment in another study. Furthermore, DD is frequently—but, we believe, mistakenly- considered a largely homogeneous disorder. Here we advocate a differential and developmental perspective on DD focused on identifying behavioral, cognitive, and neural sources of individual differences that contribute to our understanding of what DD is and what it is not.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): developmental dyscalculia, developmental perspective, heterogeneity, individual differences, diagnosis, classification, research criteria
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2015 16:28
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:18


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