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    Two (or three) is one too many: testing the flexibility of contextual cueing with multiple target locations

    Zellin, M. and Conci, M. and von Mühlenen, A. and Muller, Hermann J. (2011) Two (or three) is one too many: testing the flexibility of contextual cueing with multiple target locations. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics 73 (7), pp. 2065-2076. ISSN 1943-3921.

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    Visual search for a target object is facilitated when the object is repeatedly presented within an invariant context of surrounding items (“contextual cueing”; Chun & Jiang, Cognitive Psychology, 36, 28–71, 1998). The present study investigated whether such invariant contexts can cue more than one target location. In a series of three experiments, we showed that contextual cueing is significantly reduced when invariant contexts are paired with two rather than one possible target location, whereas no contextual cueing occurs with three distinct target locations. Closer data inspection revealed that one “dominant” target always exhibited substantially more contextual cueing than did the other, “minor” target(s), which caused negative contextual-cueing effects. However, minor targets could benefit from the invariant context when they were spatially close to the dominant target. In sum, our experiments suggest that contextual cueing can guide visual attention to a spatially limited region of the display, only enhancing the detection of targets presented inside that region.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): contextual cueing, visual search, perceptual implicit memory
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 16:45
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:19


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