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    Ionization energies of lanthanides

    Lang, Peter F. and Smith, Barry (2010) Ionization energies of lanthanides. Journal of Chemical Education 87 (8), pp. 875-881. ISSN 0021-9584.

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    This article describes how data are used to analyze the pattern of ionization energies of the lanthanide elements. Different observed pathways of ionization between different ground states are discussed, and the effects of pairing, exchange, and orbital interactions on ionization energies of the lanthanides are evaluated. When all the above effects are taken into account, the pattern of ionization energies of the lanthanide elements is similar to that of the main group elements and increases across the period from left to right.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): first-year undergraduate/general, upper-division undergraduate, physical chemistry, textbooks/reference books, atomic properties/structure, inner transition elements, periodicity/periodic table, CLIC
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 14:33
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:21


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