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    Repurposing drugs for treatment of tuberculosis: a role for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

    Maitra, Arundhati and Bates, S. and Shaik, M. and Evangelopoulos, Dimitrios and Abubakar, I. and McHugh, T.D. and Lipman, M. and Bhakta, Sanjib (2016) Repurposing drugs for treatment of tuberculosis: a role for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. British Medical Bulletin 118 (1), pp. 138-148. ISSN 1471-8391.

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    INTRODUCTION: The number of cases of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), has risen rapidly in recent years. This has led to the resurgence in repurposing existing drugs, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), for anti-TB treatment. SOURCES OF DATA: Evidence from novel drug screening in vitro, in vivo, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics analyses and clinical trials has been used for the preparation of this systematic review of the potential of NSAIDs for use as an adjunct in new TB chemotherapies. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Certain NSAIDs have demonstrated inhibitory properties towards actively replicating, dormant and drug-resistant clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis cells. AREAS OF CONTROVERSY: NSAIDs are a diverse class of drugs, which have reported off-target activities, and their endogenous antimicrobial mechanism(s) of action is still unclear. GROWING POINTS: It is essential that clinical trials of NSAIDs continue, in order to assess their suitability for addition to the current TB treatment regimen. Repurposing molecules such as NSAIDs is a vital, low-risk strategy to combat the trend of rapidly increasing antibiotic resistance.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): tuberculosis, antimicrobial resistance, drug repurposing, NSAIDs, carprofen, Mycobacterium
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Structural Molecular Biology, Institute of (ISMB)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 18 May 2016 13:26
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:23


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