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    Quantifying the effect of solid phase composition and structure on solid-liquid partitioning of siderophile and chalcophile elements in the iron-sulfur system

    Rai, Nachiketa and van Westrenen, W. (2013) Quantifying the effect of solid phase composition and structure on solid-liquid partitioning of siderophile and chalcophile elements in the iron-sulfur system. Chemical Geology 357 , pp. 85-94. ISSN 0009-2541.

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    Abstract

    We report experimentally determined partition coefficients between solid and liquid phases for bulk compositions on either side of the Fe–FeS eutectic for a suite of siderophile, chalcophile, and lithophile elements. Experiments were performed at conditions of 1.5 and 2 GPa in pressure (P), 1323 K in temperature (T), and virtually identical eutectic sulfide liquid compositions in equilibrium with either solid face centered cubic Fe or solid FeS. This enabled isolation of the effect of solid phase composition and structure from pressure–temperature–melt composition effects. Solid phase–liquid metal partition coefficients (D values) for Ge, Re, Ni, Co, Cr, Mn, V, Sn, Pb, Re and W differ significantly if partitioning occurs between identical metallic liquids but different solid phases, whereas Zn, Cu and Mo are virtually unaffected. For all elements except Ge and Sn, measured solid Fe–liquid sulfide partition coefficients at 1.5 and 2 GPa are inconsistent with model predictions based on atmospheric pressure experiments, indicating that such models may not be appropriate for modeling core crystallization processes at non-ambient pressure. The framework of a lattice strain-based model of solid–liquid metal partitioning (Stewart et al., 2009) enables us to quantify the effect of the solid phase. Changing the solid phase from Fe to FeS leads to systematic increases in r0 (from 1.54 to 1.65 Å) and apparent Young's modulus E (from 112 to 178 GPa). These systematic changes can be used to predict element partitioning in eutectic solid FeS-bearing systems from measurements in eutectic solid Fe-bearing systems. Although changing the solid phase from face centered cubic Fe to FeS is an end member example, our data suggest that changes with pressure in the structure (e.g., to hexagonally close packed at high pressure) and composition (e.g. to higher S content at high pressure) of solid iron could affect the partitioning of elements between Fe and liquid metal during the solidification of planetary cores.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): partition coefficients, metallic liquid, solid phase, Fe–FeS, lattice strain model
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 09:05
    Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 09:05
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/15433

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