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    Textures in spinel peridotite mantle xenoliths using micro-CT scanning: examples from Canary Islands and France

    Bhanot, K.K. and Downes, Hilary and Petrone, C.M. and Humphreys-Williams, E. (2017) Textures in spinel peridotite mantle xenoliths using micro-CT scanning: examples from Canary Islands and France. Lithos 276 (1), pp. 90-102. ISSN 0024-4937.

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    Spinel pyroxene-clusters, which are intergrowths of spinel, orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene in mantle xenoliths, have been investigated through the use of micro-CT (μ-CT) in this study. Samples have been studied from two different tectonic settings: (1) the northern Massif Central, France, an uplifted and rifted plateau on continental lithosphere and (2) Lanzarote in the Canary Islands, an intraplate volcanic island on old oceanic lithosphere. μ-CT analysis of samples from both locations has revealed a range of spinel textures from small < 2 mm microcrystals which can be either spatially concentrated or distributed more evenly throughout the rock with a lineation, to large 4–12 mm individual clusters with ellipsoidal complex vermicular textures in random orientation. Microprobe analyses of pyroxenes inside and outside the clusters show broadly similar compositions. Spinel–pyroxene clusters are the result of a transition of shallow lithospheric mantle from the garnet stability field to the spinel stability field. Both the northern Massif Central and Lanzarote are regions that have experienced significant lithospheric thinning. This process provides a mechanism where the sub-solidus reaction of olivine + garnet = orthopyroxene + clinopyroxene + spinel is satisfied by providing a pathway from garnet peridotite to spinel peridotite. We predict that such textures would only occur in the mantle beneath regions that show evidence of thinning of the lithospheric mantle. Metasomatic reactions are seen around spinel–pyroxene clusters in some Lanzarote xenoliths, so metasomatism post-dated cluster formation.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): CT-scanning, Peridotites, Spinel–pyroxene clusters, Metasomatism
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2016 10:59
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:26


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