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    Surviving a failure - efficacy and a laboratory-based test of the hopelessness model of depression

    Houston, Diane (1995) Surviving a failure - efficacy and a laboratory-based test of the hopelessness model of depression. European Journal of Social Psychology 25 (5), pp. 545-558. ISSN 0046-2772.

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    Abramson, Metalsky and Alloy's (1989) revision of the reformulated model of helplessness and depression to hopelessness theory introduced the possibility of additional diatheses for depression. The present paper describes a laboratory-based test of the hopelessness model which provides an opportunity to explore the role of efficacy in relation to the new model and to extend its application to anxiety. Under-graduate students were asked to complete a general ability test and received false feedback which led them to believe that they had performed less well than they had anticipated. Attributional style was found to be predictive of increase in anxiety following failure feedback. The interaction Between attributional style and efficacy was found to predict depression. Among subjects who were low in efficacy attributional style was significantly related to depression. While the study provided partial support for hopelessness theory it indicates a role for the assessment of efficacy as a moderator variable within the model.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 29 May 2009 11:57
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:27


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