BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    Time will tell: temporal evolution of Martian gullies and paleoclimatic implications

    de Haas, T and Conway, S.J. and Butcher, F.E.G. and Levy, J. and Grindrod, Peter and Goudge, T.A. and Balme, M.R. (2017) Time will tell: temporal evolution of Martian gullies and paleoclimatic implications. Geological Society Special Publications 467 , ISSN 0305-8719.

    [img] Text
    DeHaasetal_revised.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript
    Restricted to Repository staff only

    Download (18MB) | Request a copy

    Abstract

    To understand Martian paleoclimatic conditions and the role of volatiles therein, the spatiotemporal evolution of gullies must be deciphered. While the spatial distribution of gullies has been extensively studied, their temporal evolution is poorly understood. We show that gully size is similar in very young and old craters. Gullies on the walls of very young impact craters (< a few Myr) typically cut into bedrock and are free of latitude-dependent mantle (LDM) and glacial deposits, while such deposits become increasingly evident in older craters. These observations suggest that gullies go through obliquity-driven degradation/accumulation cycles over time controlled by (1) LDM emplacement and degradation and by (2) glacial emplacement and removal. In glacially-influenced craters the distribution of gullies on crater walls coincides with the extent of glacial deposits, which suggests that melting of snow and ice played a role in the formation of these gullies. Yet, present-day activity is observed in some gullies on formerly glaciated crater walls. Moreover, in very young craters extensive gullies have formed in the absence of LDM and glacial deposits, showing that gully formation can also be unrelated to these deposits. The Martian climate varied substantially over time, and the gully-forming mechanisms likely varied accordingly.

    Statistics

    Downloads
    Activity Overview
    1Download
    114Hits

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item