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    A model of cognitive control in the Wisconsin card sorting test: integrating schema theory and basal ganglia function

    Caso, A. and Cooper, Richard P. (2017) A model of cognitive control in the Wisconsin card sorting test: integrating schema theory and basal ganglia function. In: Gunzelmann, G. and Howes, A. and Tenbrink, T. and Davelaar, Eddy J. (eds.) Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 2017: Cognitive Science Society.

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    We present a schema-based model of a classic neuropsychological task, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST), where competition between motor and cognitive schemas is resolved using a variation of a neuroanatomically detailed model of the basal ganglia (Gurney et al., 2001). We show that the model achieves a good fit with existing data at the group level, and correctly identifies two distinct cognitive mechanisms held to underlie two distinct types of error. However, at the individual level, the correlations amongst other error types produced by the model differ from those observed in the human data. To address this, we cluster participant performance into distinct groups and show, by fitting each group separately, how the model can account for the empirically observed correlations between error types. Methodologically, this demonstrates the importance of modelling participant performance at the sub-group or individual level, rather than modelling group performance. We also discuss implications of the model for the WCST performance of elderly participants and Parkinson’s patients.


    Item Type: Book Section
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Cognition, Computation and Modelling, Centre for
    Depositing User: Rick Cooper
    Date Deposited: 08 May 2017 13:02
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:32


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