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    Intercultural Learning and Friendship Development in Short-Term Intercultural Education Programmes

    Watson, J. and Zhu, Hua (2016) Intercultural Learning and Friendship Development in Short-Term Intercultural Education Programmes. Sociological Studies of Children and Youth 21 , pp. 231-251. ISSN 1537-4661.

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    Purpose -CISV (formerly Children's International Summer Villages) is an international charity established in Cincinnati, USA, in 1950. It offers non-formal educational programmes for children and young people from 11 years. In its intercultural programmes English is used as Lingua Franca while space and opportunities are created for participants to use their first languages. A primary aim of the organisation is to promote intercultural friendship and understanding. This chapter has dual aims. Firstly, it provides a review of the impact of intercultural learning in CISV and its unique multilingual practice on development of friendship and Intercultural Communicative Competence (ICC) among children and youth. Secondly, it investigates the methodological issues in evaluating the development and changes in ICC, specifically, the under-reported problem of 'inflated' perceptions with regard to self-assessment questionnaires. Findings - Existing research evidence corroborates the positive and long-term impact of CISV experience on participants' social development (including friendship), cultural awareness, challenges are also identified. For example, how can programme and activity organisers encourage equitable and active participation when participants' language proficiency in the shared language is varied? How do we explain the regression in self-assessment of ICC? In this chapter, we compare three different ways of measuring changes and propose a purposely designed predictive and reflective questionnaire (PaRQ). Open questions ('narrative spaces') in these questionnaires provide the opportunity for participants to comment on their own perceptions of learning and friendship development. Originality/value - CISV differs from many other intercultural education organisations in that it offers opportunity for relatively young children, promotes learning and development in a multicultural environment and adopts a language practice that combines English as Lingua Franca (ELF) and a multilingual outlook. Understanding its successes and areas for improvement provides some insight into friendship development in multilingual and intercultural settings. Copyright © 2017 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): CISV, Friendship multilingual practice, Intercultural communicative competence, Intercultural programmes, Self-assessment
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 13:53
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:41


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