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    Community exposure and vulnerability to water quality and availability: a case study in the mining-affected Pazña Municipality, Lake Poopó Basin, Bolivian Altiplano

    French, M. and Alem, N. and Edwards, S.J. and Blanco Coariti, E. and Cauthin, H. and Hudson-Edwards, Karen A. and Luyckx, K. and Quintanilla, J. and Sánchez Miranda, O. (2017) Community exposure and vulnerability to water quality and availability: a case study in the mining-affected Pazña Municipality, Lake Poopó Basin, Bolivian Altiplano. Environmental Management 60 (4), pp. 555-573. ISSN 0364-152X.

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    Abstract

    Assessing water sources for drinking and irrigation along with community vulnerability, especially in developing and rural regions, is important for reducing risk posed by poor water quality and limited water availability and accessibility. We present a case study of rural mining-agricultural communities in the Lake Poopó Basin, one of the poorest regions on the Bolivian Altiplano. Here, relatively low rainfall, high evaporation, salinization and unregulated mining activity have contributed to environmental degradation and water issues, which is a situation facing many Altiplano communities. Social data from 72 households and chemical water quality data from 27 surface water and groundwater sites obtained between August 2013 and July 2014 were used to develop locally relevant vulnerability assessment methodologies and ratings with respect to water availability and quality, and Chemical Water Quality Hazard Ratings to assess water quality status. Levels of natural and mining-related contamination in many waters (CWQHR ≥ 6; 78% of assessed sites) mean that effective remediation would be challenging and require substantial investment. Although waters of fair to good chemical quality (CWQHR ≤ 5; 22% of assessed sites) do exist, treatment may still be required depending on use, and access issues remain problematic. There is a need to comply with water quality legislation, improve and maintain basic water supply and storage infrastructure, build and operate water and wastewater treatment plants, and adequately and safely contain and treat mine waste. This study serves as a framework that could be used elsewhere for assessing and mitigating water contamination and availability affecting vulnerable populations.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Water resources management, Water quality, Water scarcity, Vulnerability, Bolivian Altiplano Mining
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2017 13:21
    Last Modified: 30 Jun 2020 16:13
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/19221

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