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    Helium trapping in apatite damage: insights from (U-Th-Sm)/He dating of different granitoid lithologies

    Recanati, A. and Gautheron, C. and Barbarand, J. and Missenard, Y. and Pinna-Jamme, R. and Tassan-Got, L. and Carter, Andrew and Douville, E. and Bordier, L. and Pagel, M. and Gallagher, K. (2017) Helium trapping in apatite damage: insights from (U-Th-Sm)/He dating of different granitoid lithologies. Chemical Geology 470 , pp. 116-131. ISSN 0009-2541.

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    Abstract

    Apatite (U-Th-Sm)/He (AHe) thermochronometry is widely used to constrain thermal histories and rates of tectonic, exhumation, and erosion processes. However, data interpretation is often challenging, especially when the thermal history includes extended residence time in the He partial retention zone (HePRZ), with highly dispersed dates revealing the complexity of diffusion processes in natural systems. This study investigates chemical and physical factors that may have impacted He diffusion in apatite over long timescales in a context of protracted residence in the HePRZ. Nine samples from the Ploumanac'h pluton and North Tregor (Armorican Massif, France) were collected in granitoids, differing in petrography and chemisty. This area was chosen because these samples underwent a similar thermal history since ~300 Ma. We report new (U-Th Sm)/He dates, along with apatite fission-track (AFT) data, as well as lithological and chemical characterization. The results show dispersed (U-Th-Sm)/He dates, ranging from 87 ± 7 to 291 ± 23 Ma, whereas central AFT dates vary from 142 ± 6 to 199 ± 9 Ma. Current predictive models for He diffusion and fission-track annealing in apatite could not reproduce the two datasets together. However, this apparent discrepancy gives insight into the parameters influencing He diffusion at geological timescales. The data confirm that radiation damage enhances He trapping, as the AHe dates are positively correlated to effective uranium (eU) concentration. The He age dispersion for constant eU content cannot be explained just by variations in grain size or chemical composition. To explore the potential influence of recoil damage trapping behavior and annealing kinetics on AHe dates, we tested a new diffusion model from Gerin et al. (2017). Given the expected model of the thermal history provided by AFT inversion, we investigated the influence of the trapping energy on AHe dates. The AHe date variations can be explained only if the trapping energy evolves from one crystal to another, increasing with the amount of damage. For a given trapping energy, minor variations in the recoil-damage annealing rate can consistently explain most of the remaining dispersion of the AHe dates.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Apatite, Thermochronology (U-Th-Sm)/He, Damage, Trapping, Diffusion
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Institute of
    Depositing User: Andy Carter
    Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 09:54
    Last Modified: 29 Jun 2020 17:29
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/20383

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