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    Quantifying episodic erosion and transient storage on the western margin of the Tibetan Plateau, upper Indus River

    Jonell, T.N. and Owen, L.A. and Carter, Andrew and Schwenniger, J. and Clift, P.D. (2018) Quantifying episodic erosion and transient storage on the western margin of the Tibetan Plateau, upper Indus River. Quaternary Research 89 (1), pp. 281-306. ISSN 0033-5894.

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    Transient storage and erosion of valley-fills, or sediment buffering, is a fundamental but poorly quantified process that may significantly bias fluvial sediment budgets and marine archives used for paleoclimatic and tectonic reconstructions. Prolific sediment buffering is now recognized to occur within the mountainous upper Indus River and is quantified here for the first time using OSL dating, petrography, detrital zircon U-Pb geochronology, and morphometric analysis to define the timing, provenance, and volumes of prominent valley-fills. This study finds that climatically-modulated sediment buffering occurs over 103–104 yr timescales and results in biases in sediment compositions and volumes. Increased sediment storage coincides with strong phases of Summer Monsoon and Winter Westerlies precipitation over the Late Pleistocene (32–25 ka) and mid-Holocene (~8–6 ka), followed by incision and erosion with monsoon weakening. Glacial erosion and periglacial frost-cracking drive sediment production and monsoonal precipitation mediates sediment evacuation, in contrast to the arid Transhimalaya and monsoonal frontal Himalaya. Plateau interior basins, although volumetrically large, lack transport capacity and are consequently isolated from the modern Indus River drainage. Marginal plateau basins that both efficiently produce and evacuate sediment may regulate the overall compositions and volumes of exported sediment from the Himalayan rain shadow.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication following peer review. The version of record is available online at the link above.
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Earth and Planetary Sciences, Institute of
    Depositing User: Andy Carter
    Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2017 09:53
    Last Modified: 10 Jun 2021 13:49


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