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    Large emergency-response exercises: qualitative characteristics - a survey

    Lee, Y.I. and Trim, Peter R.J. and Upton, J. and Upton, D. (2009) Large emergency-response exercises: qualitative characteristics - a survey. Simulation & Gaming 40 (6), pp. 726-751. ISSN 1046-8781.

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    Exercises, drills, or simulations are widely used, by governments, agencies and commercial organizations, to simulate serious incidents and train staff how to respond to them. International cooperation has led to increasingly large-scale exercises, often involving hundreds or even thousands of participants in many locations. The difference between ‘large’ and ‘small’ exercises is more than one of size: (a) Large exercises are more ‘experiential’ and more likely to undermine any model of reality that single organizations may create; (b) they create a ‘play space’ in which organizations and individuals act out their own needs and identifications, and a ritual with strong social implications; (c) group-analytic psychotherapy suggests that the emotions aroused in a large group may be stronger and more difficult to control. Feelings are an unacknowledged major factor in the success or failure of exercises; (d) successful large exercises help improve the nature of trust between individuals and the organizations they represent, changing it from a situational trust to a personal trust; (e) it is more difficult to learn from large exercises or to apply the lessons identified; (f) however, large exercises can help develop organizations and individuals. Exercises (and simulation in general) need to be approached from a broader multidisciplinary direction if their full potential is to be realized.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): agency, bomb threats, crisis, disaster, drill, emergency, emergency response, emotions, exercise, experiential, feelings, fire service, government, group psychotherapy, health agencies, incident, industrial accidents, large group* ‘large’ exercises, large-scale exercises, learning, military, multidisciplinarity, personal trust, play, ‘play space’, police, psychology, role-play, ritual, simulation, situational trust, situationism, social implications, staff training, trust
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Business and Law > Birkbeck Business School
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2011 13:53
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 16:51


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