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    Local actin polymerization during endocytic carrier formation

    Hinze, Claudia and Boucrot, Emmanuel (2018) Local actin polymerization during endocytic carrier formation. Biochemical Society Transactions 46 (3), pp. 565-576. ISSN 0300-5127.

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    Abstract

    Extracellular macromolecules, pathogens and cell surface proteins rely on endocytosis to enter cells. Key steps of endocytic carrier formation are cargo molecule selection, plasma membrane folding and detachment from the cell surface. While dedicated proteins mediate each step, the actin cytoskeleton contributes to all. However, its role can be indirect to the actual molecular events driving endocytosis. Here, we review our understanding of the molecular steps mediating local actin polymerization during the formation of endocytic carriers. Clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) is the least reliant on local actin polymerization, as it is only engaged to counter forces induced by membrane tension or cytoplasmic pressure. Two opposite situations are coated pit formation in yeast and at the basolateral surface of polarized mammalian cells which are respectively dependent and independent on actin polymerization. Conversely, Clathrin-independent endocytosis (CIE) forming both nanometer (CLIC/GEEC, caveolae, FEME, IL2β uptake) and micrometer carriers (macropinocytosis) are dependent on actin polymerization to power local membrane deformation and carrier budding. A variety of endocytic adaptors can recruit and activate the Cdc42/N-WASP or Rac1/WAVE complexes, which in turn engage the Arp2/3 complex, thereby mediating local actin polymerization at the membrane. However, the molecular steps for RhoA and formin-mediated actin bundling during endocytic pit formation remains unclear.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Emmanuel Boucrot
    Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2018 09:19
    Last Modified: 12 Feb 2021 07:29
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/22733

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