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    Transmitting and decoding facial expressions of emotion during healthy aging: more similarities than differences

    Smith, Marie L. and Gruhn, D. and Ewing, Louise (2018) Transmitting and decoding facial expressions of emotion during healthy aging: more similarities than differences. Journal of Vision 18 (9), ISSN 1534-7362.

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    Older adults tend to perform more poorly than younger adults on emotional expression identification tasks. The goal of the present study was to test a processing mechanism that might explain these differences in emotion recognition – specifically, age-related variation in the utilization of specific visual cues. Seventeen younger and 17 older adults completed a reverse correlation emotion categorization task (Bubbles paradigm), consisting of a large number of trials in each of which only part of the visual information used to convey an emotional facial expression was revealed to participants. The task allowed us to pinpoint the visual features each group used systematically to correctly recognize the emotional expressions shown. To address the possibility that faces of different age groups are differently processed by younger and older adults, we included younger, middle-aged, and older adult face models displaying happy, fearful, angry, disgusted, and sad facial expressions. Our results reveal strong similarity in the utilization of visual information by younger and older adult participants in decoding the emotional expressions from faces across ages – particularly for happy and fear emotions. These findings suggest that age-related differences in strategic information use are unlikely to contribute to the decline of facial expression recognition skills observed in later life.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): facial expressions, emotion recognition, emotion, age differences, healthy ageing
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 12:31
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:42


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