BIROn - Birkbeck Institutional Research Online

    From immigrants to emigrants: Salesian education and the failed integration of Italians in Egypt, 1937-1960

    Viscomi, Joseph and Turiano, A. (2018) From immigrants to emigrants: Salesian education and the failed integration of Italians in Egypt, 1937-1960. Modern Italy , ISSN 1353-2944.

    24112.pdf - Author's Accepted Manuscript

    Download (417kB) | Preview


    With Italy’s entry into the Second World War, Anglo-Egyptian authorities repatriated Italian diplomats from Egypt, arrested around 5,000 Italians, and sequestered both personal and business accounts. Italian institutions were indefinitely closed, including the Italian state schools. Hope for a future in Egypt among the roughly 60,000 Italian residents faded. The Salesian missionary schools, whose goal since the late nineteenth century had been to inculcate nationalist-religious sentiment in Italy’s emigrants, remained the only active Italian educational institution by claiming Vatican protection. As such, the missionary schools assumed a central role in the lives of many young Italians. After the war, these same young Italians began to depart Egypt en masse, in part driven by the possibilities opened up by their vocational training. Building on diplomatic, institutional and private archives, this article demonstrates how the Salesian missionary schools attempted and failed to integrate Italian immigrants into the Egyptian labour force through vocational training. This failure combined with socio-economic and geopolitical changes to propel Italian departures from Egypt, making emigrants out of immigrants.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Historical Studies
    Depositing User: Joseph Viscomi
    Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2018 12:59
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:44


    Activity Overview
    6 month trend
    6 month trend

    Additional statistics are available via IRStats2.

    Archive Staff Only (login required)

    Edit/View Item Edit/View Item