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    Field investigation of dried lakes in western United States as an analogue to desiccation fractures on Mars

    El-Maarry, Mohamed Ramy and Watters, W. A. and Yoldi, Z. and Pommerol, A. and Fischer, D. and Eggenberger, U. and Thomas, N. (2015) Field investigation of dried lakes in western United States as an analogue to desiccation fractures on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 120 (12), pp. 2241-2257. ISSN 2169-9097.

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    Potential Desiccation Polygons (PDPs), tens to hundreds of meters in size, have been observed in numerous regions on Mars, particularly in ancient (>3 Gyr old) terrains of inferred paleolacustrine/playa geologic setting, and in association with hydrous minerals such as smectites. Therefore, a better understanding of the conditions in which large desiccation polygons form could yield unique insight into the ancient climate on Mars. Many dried lakebeds/playas in western United States display large (>50 m wide) desiccation polygons, which we consider to be analogues for PDPs on Mars. Therefore, we have carried out fieldwork in seven of these dried lakes in San Bernardino and the Death Valley National Park regions complemented with laboratory and spectral analysis of collected samples. Our study shows that the investigated lacustrine/playa sediments have (a) a soil matrix containing ~40–75% clays and fine silt (by volume) where the clay minerals are dominated by illite/muscovite followed by smectite, (b) carbonaceous mineralogy with variable amounts of chloride and sulfate salts, and significantly, (c) roughly similar spectral signatures in the visible‐near‐infrared (VIS‐NIR) range. We conclude that the development of large desiccation fractures is consistent with water table retreat. In addition, the comparison of the mineralogical to the spectral observations further suggests that remote sensing VIS‐NIR spectroscopy has its limitations for detailed characterization of lacustrine/playa deposits. Finally, our results imply that the widespread distribution of PDPs on Mars indicates global or regional climatic transitions from wet conditions to more arid ones making them important candidate sites for future in situ missions.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Mars, fractures, desiccation, phyllosilicates, playa analogs
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2018 12:00
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:45


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