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    A history of the Arabic language and the origin of non-dominant varieties of Arabic

    Aboelezz, Mariam (2016) A history of the Arabic language and the origin of non-dominant varieties of Arabic. In: Muhr, R. and Fonyuy, K.E. and Ibrahim, Z. and Miller, C. (eds.) Pluricentric Languages and Non-Dominant Varieties Worldwide Part I: Pluricentric Languages across Continents. Features and Usage. Österreichisches Deutsch – Sprache der Gegenwart. Peter Lang, pp. 175-187. ISBN 9783631679135.

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    To comprehend how Arabic became a pluricentric language, we need to navigate through its rich history. In this paper, I focus on three stages in the development of Arabic: Classical Arabic, Middle Arabic and Modern Arabic. I explain how the fate of Arabic was permanently sealed in the Classical period with the emergence of Islam and the subsequent Islamic conquests. At the peak of the Islamic empire, the codification of Arabic preserved it as a dominant written language. However, the indigenous languages which Arabic had displaced in new regions gave way to non-dominant regional varieties. These varieties continued to diverge from the codified variety during the Middle period, giving rise to diglossia in Arabic. I conclude with a review of the modern period and the Arabic revival efforts which marked the creation of Modern Standard Arabic while the colonially influenced non-dominant varieties drifted further still.


    Item Type: Book Section
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Arabic, diglossia, pluricentric languages
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Mariam Aboelezz
    Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2018 14:08
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:45


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