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    Endocytosis in proliferating, quiescent and terminally differentiated cells

    Hinze, Claudia and Boucrot, Emmanuel (2018) Endocytosis in proliferating, quiescent and terminally differentiated cells. Journal of Cell Science 131 (23), jcs216804. ISSN 0021-9533.

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    Abstract

    Endocytosis mediates nutrient uptake, receptor internalization and the regulation of cell signaling. It is also hijacked by many bacteria, viruses and toxins to mediate their cellular entry. Several endocytic routes exist in parallel, fulfilling different functions. Most studies on endocytosis have used transformed cells in culture. However, as the majority of cells in an adult body have exited the cell cycle, our understanding is biased towards proliferating cells. Here, we review the evidence for the different pathways of endocytosis not only in dividing, but also in quiescent, senescent and terminally differentiated cells. During mitosis, residual endocytosis is dedicated to the internalization of caveolae and specific receptors. In non-dividing cells, clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) functions, but the activity of alternative processes, such as caveolae, macropinocytosis and clathrin-independent routes, vary widely depending on cell types and functions. Endocytosis supports the quiescent state by either upregulating cell cycle arrest pathways or downregulating mitogen-induced signaling, thereby inhibiting cell proliferation. Endocytosis in terminally differentiated cells, such as skeletal muscles, adipocytes, kidney podocytes and neurons, supports tissue-specific functions. Finally, uptake is downregulated in senescent cells, making them insensitive to proliferative stimuli by growth factors. Future studies should reveal the molecular basis for the differences in activities between the different cell states.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Emmanuel Boucrot
    Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 11:10
    Last Modified: 19 Feb 2021 09:20
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/25457

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