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    The effect of perception of teacher characteristics on Spanish EFL Learners’ anxiety and enjoyment

    Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Magdalena-Franco, A. and Saito, Kazuya (2019) The effect of perception of teacher characteristics on Spanish EFL Learners’ anxiety and enjoyment. The Modern Language Journal 103 (2), pp. 412-427. ISSN 0026-7902.

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    The present study explores the relationship between Foreign Language Enjoyment (FLE) and Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety (FLCA) and a number of teacher-centered variables within the Spanish classroom context. Participants were 210 former and current EFL learners from all over Spain who filled out an online questionnaire with Likert scale items. A moderate negative relationship emerged between FLE and FLCA. Participants who had a L1 user of English as teacher reported more FLE and less FLCA than those with a foreign language user of English. Teacher characteristics predicted close to 20% of variance in FLE but only 8% of variance in FLCA. The strongest positive predictor of FLE was teacher’s friendliness while teacher’s foreign accent was a weaker negative predictor. Teacher-centered variables predicted much less variance for FLCA. Participants experienced more FLCA with younger teachers, very strict teachers and teachers who did not use the FL much in class. The findings confirm earlier research that FLE seems to be more dependent on the teachers’ pedagogical skills than FLCA (Dewaele & MacIntyre, 2019a; Dewaele et al., 2018).


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): foreign language enjoyment, foreign language classroom anxiety, teacher age, teacher gender, teacher accent, teacher foreign language use, teacher strictness, teacher first/foreign language user
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2019 15:30
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:45


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