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    The influence of top-down modulation on the processing of direct gaze

    Burra, N. and Mares, Ines and Senju, Atsushi (2019) The influence of top-down modulation on the processing of direct gaze. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science 10 (5), e1500. ISSN 1939-5078.

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    Gaze or eye contact is one of the most important non-verbal social cues, which is fundamental to human social interactions. To achieve real time and dynamic face-to-face communication, our brain needs to process another person's gaze direction rapidly and without explicit instruction. In order to explain fast and spontaneous processing of direct gaze, the fast-track modulator model (Senju & Johnson, 2009) was proposed. Here, we review recent developments in gaze processing research in the last decade to extend the fast-track modulator model. In particular, we propose that task demand or top-down modulation could play a more crucial role at gaze processing than formerly assumed. We suggest that under different task demands, top-down modulation can facilitate or interfere with the direct gaze effects for early visual processing. The proposed modification of the model extends the role of task demand and its implication on the direct gaze effect, as well as the need to better control for top-down processing in order to better disentangle the role of top-down and bottom-up processing on the direct gaze effect.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the article, which has been published in final form at the link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2019 14:59
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:48


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