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    Functional repair codes: a view from projective geometry

    Ng, S.-L. and Paterson, Maura B. (2018) Functional repair codes: a view from projective geometry. Technical Report. Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK.

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    Abstract

    Storage codes are used to ensure reliable storage of data in distributed systems. Here we consider functional repair codes, where individual storage nodes that fail may be repaired efficiently and the ability to recover original data and to further repair failed nodes is preserved. There are two predominant approaches to repair codes: a coding theoretic approach and a vector space approach. We explore the relationship between the two and frame the later in terms of projective geometry. We find that many of the constructions proposed in the literature can be seen to arise from natural and well-studied geometric objects, and that this perspective gives a framework that provides opportunities for generalisations and new constructions that can lead to greater flexibility in trade-offs between various desirable properties. We also frame the cut-set bound obtained from network coding in terms of projective geometry. We explore the notion of strictly functional repair codes, for which there exist nodes that cannot be replaced exactly. Currently only one known example is given in the literature, due to Hollmann and Poh. We examine this phenomenon from a projective geometry point of view, and discuss how strict functionality can arise. Finally, we consider the issue that the view of a repair code as a collection of sets of vector/projective subspaces is recursive in nature and makes it hard to visualise what a collection of nodes looks like and how one might approach a construction. Here we provide another view of using directed graphs that gives us non-recursive criteria for determining whether a family of collections of subspaces constitutes a function, exact, or strictly functional repair code, which may be of use in searching for new codes with desirable properties.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Monograph (Technical Report)
    Additional Information: Birkbeck Pure Mathematics Preprint Series #44
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Economics, Mathematics and Statistics
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2019 09:58
    Last Modified: 27 Jun 2021 03:38
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/26789

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