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    Reading Peer Review: PLOS ONE and Institutional Change in Academia

    Eve, Martin Paul and Neylon, Cameron and O’Donnell, Daniel and Moore, Samuel and Gadie, Robert and Odeniyi, Victoria and Parvin, Shahina (2021) Reading Peer Review: PLOS ONE and Institutional Change in Academia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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    How do you change the world of academia and what insight can peer review provide into this question? The study of academic peer review is often difficult owing to the confidentiality of reports. As an occluded genre of writing that nonetheless underpins scientific publication, relatively little is known about the ways that academics write and behave, at scale, in their reviewing practices. In this book, we describe for the first time the database of peer review reports at PLOS ONE, the largest scientific journal in the world, to which we had unique access. Specifically, this book presents the background contexts and histories of peer review, the data-handling sensitivities of this type of research, the typical properties of reports in the journal to which we had access, a taxonomy of the reports, and their sentiment arcs. This unique work thereby yields a compelling and unprecedented set of insights into the evolving state of peer review in the twenty-first century, at a crucial political moment for the transformation of science. It also, though, presents a study in radicalism and the ways in which PLOS’s vision for science can be said to have effected change in the ultra-conservative contemporary university.


    Item Type: Book
    School: School of Arts > English, Theatre and Creative Writing
    Depositing User: Martin Eve
    Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2019 08:54
    Last Modified: 03 Jan 2021 16:37


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