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    Do cues from multiple modalities support quicker learning in primary school children?

    Kirkham, Natasha Z. and Rea, M. and Osborne, Tamsin and White, H. and Mareschal, Denis (2019) Do cues from multiple modalities support quicker learning in primary school children? Developmental Psychology 55 (10), pp. 2048-2059. ISSN 0012-1649.

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    The current study investigates whether informative, mutually redundant audiovisual cues supports better performance in a category learning paradigm. Research suggests that, under some conditions, redundant multisensory cues supports better learning, when compared with unisensory cues. This was examined systematically across two experiments. In Experiment 1, children aged 5-, 7- and 10- years were allocated to one of the three ‘modality’ conditions (audio informative only, visual informative only, and audiovisual informative) and explicitly instructed to learn the category membership of individual exemplars, as determined by a threshold of correct responses. Unisensory or redundant multisensory cues determined category membership, depending on the learning condition. In addition to significant main effects of age group and condition, a significant interaction between age and sensory condition was found, with five-year-olds performing better when presented with redundant multisensory cues compared to unisensory cues. 10-year-olds performed better with auditory informative only cues, compared to visual informative only cues, or informative but redundant multisensory cues, with no significant difference between the latter two. In Experiment 2, the multisensory condition was presented to separate groups of 5-, 7-, and 10-year-olds, examining explicit learning outcomes in the audiovisual informative condition. Results showed that children who reached threshold during training were faster, made fewer errors, and performed better during test trials. Learning appeared to be based on the visual informative cues. Findings are discussed in the context of age-related selective attention, suggesting that the value of providing multisensory informative cues to support real-world learning depends on age and instructional context.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: ©American Psychological Association 201x. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at the DOI cited above.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): multisensory, learning; development, education
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Natasha Kirkham
    Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2019 15:11
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:51


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