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    The optical interstellar spectrum of κ Vel (HD 81188) and a measurement of interstellar cloud turbulence

    Dunkin, S.K. and Crawford, Ian (1999) The optical interstellar spectrum of κ Vel (HD 81188) and a measurement of interstellar cloud turbulence. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 302 (1), pp. 197-202. ISSN 0035-8711.

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    We present ultra-high resolution (R≈106) observations of lines due to interstellar Na I D, Ca II K, K I and Ti II towards κ Vel (HD 81188). Five velocity components are identified in both Na I and Ca II, and two in K I; an upper limit is recorded for Ti II. The very high spectral resolution has enabled us to resolve fully the intrinsic interstellar line profiles, and thereby obtain reliable measurements of the velocity dispersion parameters (b-values) for all identified velocity components. By comparing the observed b-values for Na Iand K I, which differ in mass by almost a factor of 2, it has been possible to derive the kinetic temperature (Tk) and line-of-sight rms turbulent velocity (vt) simultaneously for the two clouds identified in both elements. We obtain rigorous upper limits of 0.46 and 0.33 km s−1 for vt in these two clouds, which are definitely subsonic at the measured temperatures. The three-dimensional turbulent velocity (≡√3 ×vt) is also almost certainly subsonic for both components, although it might just exceed the isothermal sound speed if the kinetic temperatures were close to the lower limits permitted by the line-profile analysis.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 11:19
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:53


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