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    First results from the UHRF: ultra-high-resolution observations of atomic interstellar lines towards ζ Ophiuchi

    Barlow, M.J. and Crawford, Ian and Diego, F. and Dryburgh, M. and Fish, A.C. and Howarth, I.D. and Spyromilio, J. and Walker, D.D. (1995) First results from the UHRF: ultra-high-resolution observations of atomic interstellar lines towards ζ Ophiuchi. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 272 (2), pp. 333-345. ISSN 0035-8711.

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    We present ultra-high-resolution observations of optical interstellar lines towards ζOph obtained during the commissioning phase of the new Ultra-High-Resolution Facility (UHRF) at the AAT. The UHRF has achieved its design resolving power of R≈106, and has very clearly resolved hyperfine splitting in three of the 11 identified Na I D-line velocity components towards ζ Oph. In addition, the intrinsic line profiles of the 3s-4p Na I doublet at 3302 Å have been measured for the first time. 12 velocity components are identified in the interstellar Ca II K-line absorption profile, of which seven have definite velocity counterparts in the Na I profile. Three of the Na I velocity components have b-values which correspond to a gas temperature of about 200 K, for the case of pure thermal broadening. The strongest component in the sightline (-14.8 km s-1) was found to have a b-value of 0.6+0.2−0.1kms−1⁠, corresponding to a temperature of 500 K. If a true gas kinetic temperature of 54 K is assumed to apply to this component, from the H2 rotational excitation temperature previously measured for the ζ Oph sightline, then the observed Na I and Fe I line profiles both imply an rms turbulent velocity of 0.4 km s-1 within the cloud, just less than the local sound speed. The observed Ca II linewidths are all significantly larger than those of the corresponding Na I components. The Ca IIcomponents are interpreted as arising from warm neutral material (intercloud medium) surrounding cooler clouds, while half of the Na I components arise from cool clouds and half arise from warm intercloud material. The measured Na I/CaII column density ratios, and the inferred temperatures, are consistent with a model in which calcium is heavily depleted on to grains in cool clouds but is restored to the gas phase by impact desorption in the warm intercloud medium.


    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 15:12
    Last Modified: 12 Jun 2021 14:13


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