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    Literacy and primary school expansion in Portugal: 1940–62

    Gomes, Pedro and Machado, M.P. (2019) Literacy and primary school expansion in Portugal: 1940–62. Revista de Historia Económica - Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History , ISSN 0212-6109. (In Press)

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    In 1940, the Portuguese government approved a massive primary school construction plan that projected a 60% increase in the number of primary schools. Based on the collection of a new dataset, we describe literacy levels in Portugal prior to the plan as well as the plan’s strategy regarding the location of schools. We then estimate the causal impact of the increase in the number of schools between 1940 and the early 60s on enrolment and literacy, all at the county level. We conclude the increase in the number of schools was responsible for 80% of the increase in enrolment and 13% of the increase in the literacy rate of the affected cohorts.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): school construction, investment in education, historical expansion of education, literacy growth, schooling expansion, primary school
    School: School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Economics, Mathematics and Statistics
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2019 08:24
    Last Modified: 09 Jun 2021 13:29


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