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    Strain-related differences in the crystal growth of white mica and chlorite; a TEM and XRD study of the development of metapelitic microfabrics in the Southern Uplands thrust terrane, Scotland

    Merriman, R.J. and Roberts, B. and Peacor, D.R. and Hirons, Steven (1995) Strain-related differences in the crystal growth of white mica and chlorite; a TEM and XRD study of the development of metapelitic microfabrics in the Southern Uplands thrust terrane, Scotland. Journal of Metamorphic Geology 13 (5), pp. 559-576. ISSN 0263-4929.

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    Abstract

    TEM and XRD techniques were used to study crystal growth characteristics of the fabric‐forming phyllosilicates which developed in response to low‐grade metamorphism and tectonic imbrication in part of the Southern Uplands thrust terrane. Prograde regional metamorphism, ranging from late diagenesis through the anchizone to the epizone, was accompanied by the development of a slaty cleavage which is commonly bedding‐parallel. TEM‐measured mean thicknesses of white mica and chlorite crystallite populations increase with advancing grade and correlate with XRD‐measured crystallinity indices. Analytical TEM data show that prograde changes in composition lead to a net loss of Si, Ca and minor Fe from the fabric‐forming phyllosilicates. White micas are paragonite‐poor phengites with a mean b lattice parameter of 9.037 Å, and indicate an intermediate pressure series of metamorphism with a field gradient of <25° C km‐1. Chlorite compositions evolved from diabantite (with intergrown corrensite) to ripidolite over an estimated temperature range of 150–320° C. Field gradient and temperature estimates suggest that crystal growth and fabric development occurred at burial depths ranging from 6 km to at least 13 km in the thrust terrane. During late diagenesis, crystal growth of white mica and chlorite was predominantly a consequence of polytypic and phase transitions, and resulted in similar size distributions which resemble typical Ostwald ripening curves. Under anchizonal and epizonal conditions, white mica grew more rapidly than chlorite because of its greater ability to store strain energy and recover from subgrain development; as a result crystal thickness distributions are not typical of Ostwald ripening. In contrast, chlorite crystals which grew under these conditions developed subgrain boundaries at high strain rates which were only partially recovered at low strain rates; these retained dislocations reduce the crystallite thicknesses detected by TEM and XRD, compared with those of white mica. These differences in strain‐induced crystal growth indicate that white mica (illite) and chlorite crystallinity indices are likely to show significant differences where low‐grade metamorphism is closely associated with tectonic fabric development.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Earth and Planetary Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2019 13:47
    Last Modified: 09 Sep 2019 13:47
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/28846

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