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    Relationship between metamorphism and structure in the Skiddaw Group, English Lake District

    Fortey, N.J. and Roberts, B. and Hirons, Steven (1993) Relationship between metamorphism and structure in the Skiddaw Group, English Lake District. Geological Magazine 130 (5), pp. 631-638. ISSN 0016-7568.

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    Regional variation of white mica (illite) crystallinity in the Skiddaw Group is set against the structural interpretation of Hughes, Cooper & Stone (1993, this issue) in which early- or pre-Ludlow deformation and slaty cleavage development (S1) were succeeded by southward thrusting and an associated development of S1 and S1 crenulation cleavages, possibly during early Devonian times. Kubier index (KI) values are plotted in relation to geological structure for a major part of the Skiddaw Group, and cross-sections constructed. The pattern is interpreted in terms of three processes: (1) diagenetic to low anchizonal burial metamorphism under a relatively high geothermal gradient during the late-arc stage (early to mid-Silurian) which preceded the orogenic phase and formation of S1; (2) upper anchizonal to epizonal metamorphism due to tectonic thickening and slaty cleavage development during the early to pre-Ludlow orogenic phase following closure of Iapetus; (3) late-tectonic uplift of already metamorphosed rocks by southward-directed movement on the Loweswater, Gasgale Gill and Causey Pike Thrusts possibly during early Devonian time. An analogous interpretation is made for the Skiddaw area, though with the addition of major post-S1 contact metamorphism.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2019 11:34
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:53


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