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    Emotional information processing in repressors: the vigilance-avoidance theory

    Derakhshan, Nazanin and Eysenck, M.W. and Myers, L.B. (2007) Emotional information processing in repressors: the vigilance-avoidance theory. Cognition and Emotion 21 (8), pp. 1585-1614. ISSN 0269-9931.

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    A vigilance–avoidance theory of the repressive coping style (low trait anxiety and high defensiveness) is presented. The new theory attempts to account for several key findings, including the discrepancy between low self-reported anxiety and high behavioural and physiological indicators of anxiety shown by individuals with a repressive coping style. According to the theory, repressors have an initial rapid vigilant response triggering behavioural and physiological responses and involving attentional and interpretive biases to self-relevant threat stimuli. These biases may be based on negative self-relevant schematic information. This initial vigilant stage is followed by an avoidance stage involving avoidant cognitive biases (attentional, interpretive, and memory) that inhibit the conscious experience of anxiety. Future research should examine systematically the time course of repressors’ reactions to threatening and non-threatening stimuli.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 12:32
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:55


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