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    To forget or not to forget: what do repressors forget and when do they forget?

    Myers, L.B. and Derakhshan, Nazanin (2004) To forget or not to forget: what do repressors forget and when do they forget? Cognition and Emotion 18 (4), pp. 495-511. ISSN 0269-9931.

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    Using a directed forgetting task, we tested the hypothesis that repressors would be superior to nonrepressors in forgetting negative experimental material. Consistent with previous studies, there was an overall directed forgetting effect, with significantly more to‐be‐remembered (TBR) material recalled than to‐be‐forgotten material (TBF). As predicted, there were no recall differences for negative words in a control condition without the instruction to forget. Repressors compared to nonrepressors forgot more negatively valenced words in the TBF set only in a private condition where they had to rate words for self‐descriptiveness but not for other‐descriptiveness and not in the public condition. These results suggest that repressors have an enhanced capability for employing retrieval inhibition in certain conditions (e.g., private conditions), but not public conditions when under evaluation. The results support the notion of repressors as self‐deceivers rather than impression managers.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2019 15:36
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:55


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