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    Repression and repressors

    Derakhshan, Nazanin and Eysenck, M.W. (1997) Repression and repressors. European Psychologist 2 (3), pp. 235-246. ISSN 1016-9040.

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    Abstract

    The present article reviews and evaluates the history of theory and research on the concept of repression and, its personality characteristic, the repressive coping style. The four-factor theory (Eyseneck, 1997), a comprehensive cognitive theory of repressors, attempts to provide evidence for the avoidant or defensive cognitive processors allegedly underlying repression. According to the four-factor theory, individuals with a repressive coping style (repressors) possess opposite cognitive biases for both external and internal stimuli. In other words, they avoid attending to, and tend to interpret, four sources of information — environmental stimuli, their own physiological activity, their own behavior, and information stored in long term memory — in a nonthreatening fashion. Some evidence consistent with these predictions is discussed. Also, the four-factor theory attempts to account for some failures of concordance among the self-report, behavioral, physiological, measures of anxiety found in repressors.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): repression, cognition, social desirability, biases
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 09:51
    Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 09:51
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/29974

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