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    Cognitive biases for future negative events as a function of trait anxiety and social desirability

    Eysenck, M.W. and Derakhshan, Nazanin (1997) Cognitive biases for future negative events as a function of trait anxiety and social desirability. Personality and Individual Differences 22 (5), pp. 597-605. ISSN 0191-8869.

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    Abstract

    Predicted and actual examination performance, beliefs in various possible examination outcomes and events, and worrying about examinations were assessed in four groups of students (low-anxious, repressor, high-anxious, and defensive high-anxious). The evidence indicated that the high-anxious and defensive high-anxious groups were unrealistically pessimistic about some examination-related events (they possessed an interpretive bias for such events), whereas the repressor groups were unrealistically optimistic about some examination related events, showing an opposite interpretive bias. The findings were interpreted in the light of a new theory of trait anxiety proposed by Eysenck (Anxiety and cognition: A unified theory. Hove: Psychology Press, 1977).

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2019 11:21
    Last Modified: 18 Nov 2019 11:21
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/29975

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