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    Distribution of partial melt beneath Changbaishan/Paektu volcano, China/Democratic People's Republic of Korea

    Hammond, James O.S. and Wu, J.‐P. and Ri, K.‐S. and Wei, W. and Yu, J.‐N. and Oppenheimer, C. (2020) Distribution of partial melt beneath Changbaishan/Paektu volcano, China/Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 21 (1), e2019GC008461. ISSN 1525-2027.

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    Changbaishan/Paektu volcano straddles the border between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and China. It was responsible for one of the largest eruptions in history, the `Millennium Eruption' of 946 CE. An episode of unrest between 2002 and 2005, characterized by ination and seismicity, refocused attention on this volcano. While satellite remote sensing has provided synoptic observations, ground based surveillance has hitherto supported only disparate analyses and geophysical interpretations on either side of the border. Here, we derive receiver functions using seismic records from both DPRK and China. H–к stacking indicates thick crust (up to 40 km) and high average crustal VP/VS (up to 1.93) beneath the volcano. Grid search inversions constrain a signi_cant velocity reduction at ~7km depth and harmonic analysis suggests this dips away from the volcano, with shallowest depths centred beneath the volcano. Common conversion point migrations show that this anomaly extends ~30km from the volcano summit and possibly as far as neighbouring volcanoes. The co‐location of the velocity reduction with a zone of high conductivity, low velocity, low density material at the depth of the ination source implicated in the 2002‐2005 unrest, indicates that partial melt is present directly beneath Changbaishan/Paektu, likely recharged during the episode of unrest. Our study highlights the importance of continued surveillance of the volcano and the need for further geophysical studies to constrain more fully the triggers for unrest and controls on its evolution.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Accepted for publication. Copyright American Geophysical Union. Further reproduction or electronic distribution is not permitted.
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Changbaishan, Paektu, Volcano, Receiver Function, partial melt
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: James Hammond
    Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2020 12:12
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:56


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