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    Explicit and implicit learning of event sequences: evidence from event-related brain potentials

    Eimer, Martin and Goschke, T. and Schlaghecken, F. and Stürmer, B. (1996) Explicit and implicit learning of event sequences: evidence from event-related brain potentials. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition 22 (4), pp. 970-987. ISSN 0278-7393.

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    Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a serial reaction time (RT) task, where single deviant items seldom (Experiment 1) or frequently (Experiment 2) replaced 1 item of a repeatedly presented 10-item standard sequence. Acquisition of sequence knowledge was reflected in faster RTs for standard as compared with deviant items and in an enhanced negativity (N2 component) of the ERP for deviant items. Effects were larger for participants showing explicit knowledge in their verbal reports and in a recognition test. The lateralized readiness potential indicated that correct responses were activated with shorter latencies after training. For deviant items, participants with explicit knowledge showed an initial activation of the incorrect but expected response. These findings suggest that the acquisition of explicit and implicit knowledge is reflected in different electrophysiological correlates and that sequence learning may involve the anticipatory preparation of responses.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2019 12:50
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:56


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