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    Towards a dendrochronologically refined date of the Laacher See Eruption

    Reinig, F. and Cherubini, P. and Engels, Stefan and Esper, J. and Guidobaldi, G. and Joris, O. and Lane, C.S. and Nievergelt, D. and Oppenheimer, C. and Park, C. and Pfanz, H. and Riede, F. and Schmincke, H.-U. and Street, M. and Wacker, L. and Buentgen, U. (2020) Towards a dendrochronologically refined date of the Laacher See Eruption. Quaternary Science Reviews 229 , p. 106128. ISSN 0277-3791.

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    The precise date of the Laacher See eruption (LSE), central Europe’s largest Late Pleistocene volcanic event that occurred around 12,900 years ago, is still unknown. Here, we outline the potential of combined high-resolution dendrochronological, wood anatomical and radiocarbon (14C) measurements, to refine the age of this major Plinian eruption. Based on excavated trees that were killed during the explosive LSE and buried under its pyroclastic deposits, we describe how a firm date of the eruption might be achieved, and how the resulting temporal precision would further advance our understanding of the environmental and societal impacts of this event. Moreover, we discuss the relevance of an accurate LSE date for improving the synchronization of European terrestrial and lacustrine Late Glacial to Holocene archives, and outline how the proposed, interdisciplinary dating approach can be applied to other large, yet undated, volcanic eruptions.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
    Depositing User: Stefan Engels
    Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2020 11:14
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:56


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