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    Bayesian rationality in the psychology of reasoning

    Chater, N. and Oaksford, Mike (2021) Bayesian rationality in the psychology of reasoning. In: Knauff, M. and Spohn, W. (eds.) Handbook of Rationality. Cambridge, U.S.: MIT Press. ISBN 9780262045070. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Book synopsis: Both analytic philosophy and cognitive psychology have made dramatic advances in understanding rationality, but there has been little interaction between the disciplines. This volume offers the first integrated overview of the state of the art in the psychology and philosophy of rationality. Written by leading experts from both disciplines, The Handbook of Rationality covers the main normative and descriptive theories of rationality—how people ought to think, how they actually think, and why we often deviate from what we can call rational. It also offers insights from other fields such as artificial intelligence, economics, the social sciences, and cognitive neuroscience. The Handbook proposes a novel classification system for researchers in human rationality, and it creates new connections between rationality research in philosophy, psychology, and other disciplines. Following the basic distinction between theoretical and practical rationality, the book first considers the theoretical side, including normative and descriptive theories of logical, probabilistic, causal, and defeasible reasoning. It then turns to the practical side, discussing topics such as decision making, bounded rationality, game theory, deontic and legal reasoning, and the relation between rationality and morality. Finally, it covers topics that arise in both theoretical and practical rationality, including visual and spatial thinking, scientific rationality, how children learn to reason rationally, and the connection between intelligence and rationality.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Book Section
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2021 10:38
    Last Modified: 12 Jun 2021 08:46
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/30604

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