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    Implicit memory and anxiety: perceptual identification of emotional stimuli

    Richards, Anne and French, C.C. and Adams, C. and Eldridge, M. and Papadopoulou, E. (1999) Implicit memory and anxiety: perceptual identification of emotional stimuli. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 11 (1), pp. 67-86. ISSN 0954-1446.

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    The perceptual identification paradigm was used to examine implicit memory performance in high- and low-trait anxious subjects. A series of threat-related and neutral words was presented in different colours during the encoding phase. Subjects were required to encode the stimuli by naming the colour while ignoring the semantic content of the words (Experiment 1), by simply reading the words (Experiment 2) or by naming the colour of the words and the words themselves (Experiment 3). Experiment 1 demonstrated the predicted emotional Stroop effect, with high-trait subjects taking relatively longer than low-trait subjects to name the colour of the threat-related as compared to the neutral stimuli. All three experiments revealed a significant implicit memory effect overall, with more primed than unprimed words being correctly identified during the perceptual identification task. Subjects in all experiments also identified more of the threat-related than neutral words. Although Experiment 2 found that, overall, the high-trait subjects identified relatively fewer threat-related words than neutral words in comparison to the low-trait subjects, none of the experiments offered any support for the prediction of a threat-related implicit memory bias in hightrait anxiety.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2020 14:08
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 17:57


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