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    Down syndrome and parental depression: a double hit on early expressive language development

    D'Souza, Hana and Lathan, A. and Karmiloff-Smith, Annette and Mareschal, Denis (2020) Down syndrome and parental depression: a double hit on early expressive language development. Research in Developmental Disabilities 100 , p. 103613. ISSN 0891-4222.

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    Background and aims: Down syndrome (DS) is often characterised by intellectual disability with particular difficulties in expressive language. However, large individual differences exist in expressive language across development in DS. In the general population, one of the factors associated with variability in this domain is parental depression. We investigated whether this is also the case in young children with DS. Methods: Thirty-eight children with DS between 8 and 48 months of age participated in this study. Their parents reported on the children’s receptive and expressive vocabularies (MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory) and on parental depression. Furthermore, an experimenter-led standardized developmental assessment (Mullen Scales of Early Learning) was administered to the children to test five domains: gross motor, fine motor, visual reception, receptive language, and expressive language. Results: A cross-sectional developmental trajectories analysis demonstrated that expressive language developed at a slower rate in children with DS whose parent reported depression than in those whose parent did not. No differences between groups were found in any other domain. Conclusion: Parental depression is associated with slower rate of expressive language development in young children with DS. These findings suggest that DS and parental depression may constitute a double hit leading to increased difficulties in the development of expressive language.


    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): parental depression, Down syndrome, cross-sectional developmental trajectories, expressive language, language development, MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory, Mullen Scales of Early Learning
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Research Centres and Institutes: Brain and Cognitive Development, Centre for (CBCD)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2020 17:04
    Last Modified: 11 Aug 2023 00:49


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