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    Ionization energies of atoms and atomic ions

    Lang, Peter F. and Smith, Barry (2003) Ionization energies of atoms and atomic ions. Journal of Chemical Education 80 (8), pp. 938-946. ISSN 0021-9584.

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    Less familiar aspects of ionization energies of atoms and atomic ions from s, p, d, and f blocks of the periodic table are discussed. Apparent irregularities in the first and second ionization energies of transition metals and rare earth metals are explained in terms of electronic configurations of the ground states. A semiquantitative treatment of pairing, exchange, and orbital energies accounts for discontinuities at half-filled p, d, and f electron shells and the resulting zigzag patterns.


    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Natural Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2020 14:18
    Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 18:00


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